Two hands exchanging money

In collaboration with the Justice and Security Research Programme (JSRP) at the London School of Economics, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the World Peace Foundation


Current research into corruption is transforming the understanding of the phenomenon. Rather than seeing corruption as the work of individual “bad apples,” guilty of such crimes as bribery, fraud or extortion, analysts are beginning to define it as a functioning system, achieving its core objective with real effectiveness.

Such systems are made up of multi-dimensional political-economic relationships associated with different forms of predatory elite governance—which may differ in form and function in different countries. These developments demand cogent analysis and effective policy responses.

The main question for the consultation was: how does pervasive corruption in government relate to militancy and radicalism in society? Secondary questions included: what forms of corruption tend to be most politically radicalizing? What other risk factors, in conjunction with corruption, help drive extreme responses? What is the role of international assistance and security cooperation in enabling corruption? What is the best combination of policies that can be adopted to mitigate corruption and its adverse political impacts? Should certain countries be prioritised for concerted policy actions? On the basis of what criteria?